Type 1 diabetes is a condition where the body’s defense system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This causes the body’s capacity to produce insulin to be reduced and thus is not able to cater to the body’s insulin needs.
Although the reason that the body does this to itself is not yet apparent to researchers in the field of diabetes, it can occur to people of any age, but usually occurs within children and young adults.
After developing type 1 diabetes the person is at risk of increasing levels of glucose in the blood. To counter this, they must inject insulin into their blood everyday to regulate the levels of glucose in the blood, thus rendering them helpless without it.
It is important for people, including the family of possible diabetics to understand what the symptoms are. Some are obvious and can be identified early on while others are more subtle and will need a more conscious approach. Some symptoms include:
Currently, type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. Having said that, people with type 1 diabetes can manage this condition and lead normal, healthy lives through a combination of daily insulin therapy, close monitoring of blood glucose levels, a healthy diet, and regular physical exercise.
The number of people developing type 1 diabetes is increasing each year. The reasons for this are still unclear but may be due to changes in environmental risk factors, early events in the womb, genetics, diet early in life, or viral infections.